Cat obesity is quite a frequent reason for visiting a veterinarian, but the opposite state – weight loss – sometimes can be ignored by cat’s owners till the onset of accompanying symptoms. Due to their metabolism, cats are losing weight quite dramatically, and it is necessary to detect changes and define reason initially.
A cat can lose weight due to physiological and pathological reasons. Physiologically, cats of all ages can lose weight under stress caused by moving to a new house, while hunting, changing diets and other innovations in the environment and disruption of their comfort zone. Usually, after returning to the routine, the cat’s weight normalizes. When it comes to pathological causes, the visit to the vet must not be delayed.
Pathological reasons for cat losing weight
Cat weight loss along with normal or increased appetite
This disease is more common among older cats, but can also be disclosed among young cats. How to recognize early diabetes: your cat is rapidly losing weight, while her appetite remains the same, and sometimes increases greatly. The pet begins drinking a lot and urinates frequently. This condition is treatable but requires insulin administration combined with a strict diet.
This is an increased activity of the thyroid gland combined with an increased metabolic rate. The cat eats more to meet the increased caloric needs of the body, but this is still not enough, and the weight begins to decline. Such thyroid gland activity is frequently provoked by a benign tumor on the thyroid gland. Oral medication and radioactive iodine are used during the hyperthyroidism treatment.
Significant helminthic infection leads to a decrease of nutrients supply, because parasites take everything useful. Vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss are typical symptoms of a helminthiasis. To prevent this disease, it is recommended giving cats antihelminthic drugs every 3-4 months.
Internal organs diseases
The general explanation of the cat’s weight loss. Mostly, it goes with accompanying symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, blood in cat poop or urine.
Cat weight loss along with loss of appetite
Gastritis, gastroenteritis, pancreatitis and other pancreatic problems, intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal cancer – each GIT problem can affect the cat’s weight. Sick cat symptoms include: constipation or diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, allergic reactions.
Problems with gums and teeth can cause severe pain, getting the cat to avoid discomfort and stop eating. Common cat’s dental issues include paradontosis, tooth fractures, tooth resorption. Sometimes, cats can develop stomatitis. Symptoms of dental problems include bad breath, drooling, or even oral bleeding. Checking your cat’s teeth on a regular basis will prevent most of the teeth diseases.
Violation of the diet
The most common group of weight loss causes among cats. These factors include poor feed quality, poor feed quantity, or decreased palatability (for example, because of a low protein diet).
As a result, cats experience a loss of appetite, which causes dramatic weight loss (anorexia). It usually occurs in response to severe stress or after a serious illness that has caused disruption of life processes.
Viral disorders (feline panleukopenia, calcivirosis, rabies, etc.) can cause rapid weight loss. Changes of the stool color and composition, the presence of impurities in it, are dangerous symptoms. As well as temperature increasing and behavior changes indicate that the situation requires an immediate veterinarian examination.
Feeling sick, the cat can hide its condition and the main owner’s responsibility is to notice every little change in the pet’s behavior. If you think your cat is too thin, if you feel that something is wrong, do not waste time – go to the veterinary clinic. The sooner the diagnosis is made and treatment is prescribed, the sooner your fluffy friend will return to a full and healthy life!